Full Record

Marine biodiversity, climatic variability and global change / Gregory Beaugrand.
London Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group,
xi, 474 pages, 32 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm.
Formerly CIP. Uk
Includes bibliographical references and index.
"Using a multidisciplinary and holistic approach, the book reveals how climatic variability controls biodiversity at timescales ranging from synoptic meteorological events to millions of years and at spatial scales ranging from local sites to the whole ocean. It shows how global change, including anthropogenic climate change, ocean acidification and more direct human influences such as exploitation, pollution and eutrophication may alter biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and regulating and provisioning services. The author proposes a theory termed the 'macroecological theory on the arrangement of life' which explains how biodiversity is organized and how it responds to climatic variability and anthropogenic climate change."--Back cover.
9781844076789 (hbk.) : 1844076784 (hbk.) : 9780415517034 (pbk.) : 0415517036 (pbk.) :;
Machine generated contents note: 1.I Biodiversity from the land to the ocean -- 1.2.Classification and census of marine biodiversity -- 1.3.Organisation of the book -- pt. 1 Natural environmental variability and marine biodiversity -- 2.Large-scale hydro-climatic
variability -- 2.1.The composition and structure of the atmosphere -- 2.2.The earth radiation budget -- 2.3.The thermal engine -- 2.4.Main climatic regions -- 2.5.The oceanic hydrosphere -- 2.6.Hydro-climatic variability -- 3.Large-scale biogeographic patterns -- 3.1.Biogeography: from the terrestrial to the marine realm -- 3.2.Primary compartments of the marine ecosphere -- 3.3.Ecogeographic patterns -- 4.Large-scale biodiversity patterns -- 4.1.The search for a primary cause -- 4.2.Neutral and null models or theories -- 4.3.The area hypothesis -- 4.4.History -- 4.5.Hypotheses based on fundamental processes -- 4.6.The climatic influence -- 4.7.Temperature -- 4.8.Environmental hypotheses -- 4.9.Evolutionary rate -- Contents note continued: 4.10.Biotic interactions -- 5.Marine biodiversity through time -- 5.1.Palaeoclimatic changes -- 5.2.Natural causes of extinction -- 5.3.Natural contemporaneous changes -- 5.4.Is climate the primary factor? -- 6.Temperature and marine biodiversity -- 6.J Temperature from the origin of the universe to early life -- 6.2.Basics and first principles -- 6.3.Effects of temperature at the physiological level -- 6.4.Influence of temperature at the species level -- 6.5.Thermal influence at the community level -- pt. 2 Marine biodiversity changes in the Anthropocene -- 7.Biodiversity and anthropogenic climate change -- 7.1.Human alteration of the greenhouse effect and the radiative budget of the planet -- 7.2.Increase in global air and sea surface temperature -- 7.3.Species responses to anthropogenic climate change -- 7.4.Community/ecosystem response to climate change -- 7.5.Anthropogenic climate change and natural hydro-climatic variability -- Contents note continued: 8.Marine biodiversity and ocean acidification -- 8.1.Introduction -- 8.2.Anthropogenic acidification -- 8.3.Effects of acidification on biodiversity -- 8.4.Limitations of past studies on ocean acidification -- 8.5.Conclusions -- 9.Biodiversity and direct anthropogenic effects -- 9.1.Exploitation of marine biodiversity -- 9.2.Pollution -- 9.3.Nutrient enrichment and eutrophication -- 9.4.Oxygen depletion -- 9.5.Introduction and invasion of exotic species -- 9.6.UV-B radiation -- 9.7.Tourism -- 9.8.Extinction -- 9.9.interactive efforts -- 10.Marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, services and human well-being -- 10.1.Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning -- 10.2.Biodiversity changes and ecosystem goods and services -- 10.3.Potential effects of changes in marine biodiversity fur global biogeochemistry -- 10.4.Potential feedbacks -- pt. 3 Theorising and scenarising biodiversity -- 11.Theorising and scenarising biodiversity -- 11.1.Introduction -- Contents note continued: 11.2.The concept of the ecological niche -- 11.3.Rationale of the METAL theory -- 11.4.The METAL theory -- 11.5.Strength and assumptions of the METAL theory -- 11.6.Limits to predictions in the context of global change -- 11.7.Scenarising biodiversity -- 12.Conclusions -- 12.1.A macroscopic approach -- 12.2.Global monitoring -- 12.3.Towards a unifying ecological theory.
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Main Library Open Access